What is Ebola?

Ebola

Ebola virus disease is scientifically known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola hemorrhagic fever). The disease first appeared in 1976 in Nzara, South Sudan, in Yambuku, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and then in a village near the Ebola River. He took his name, and between 2014 and 2016 he appeared Ebola with the greatest outbreak and spread, spread among many countries and claimed the lives of many. The virus has many strains. The impact of the disease varies by species. Some species may cause up to 90% mortality, while others may never cause human death. It is worth noting that there is no vaccine against Ebola so far, but there are still many attempts to manufacture it.

Symptoms of Ebola

  • Headache.
  • diarrhea.
  • Vomiting.
  • stomachache.
  • Anorexia.
  • Joint and muscle pain.
  • Fever.
  • Fatigue and general fatigue.
  • Symptoms of liver and kidney disorders.

Ebola transmission routes

The Ebola virus is transmitted through contact with any body fluids or blood through skin wounds, mucous membranes, contact with surfaces and materials contaminated with the patient’s fluids or blood as the patient’s bedding and personal objects. In fact, Ebola cases have spread to medical staff and health care providers. Research is still ongoing on the sexually transmitted disease, but it is generally advised not to have sex without using a condom until it is established that the virus does not appear at least twice in semen.

Methods of prevention of Ebola

People who spread the disease in areas where they live or travel to areas where the disease is spread should follow the following tips:

  • Maintain personal hygiene by washing hands with soap and alcohol or alcohol, and avoid exposure to blood and body fluids such as toys, urine, feces, semen, vaginal discharge, breast milk, etc.
  • Avoid contact with objects that come into contact with body fluids such as clothing, injections, medical equipment, bedding, etc.
  • Avoid dealing with bats and other primates and avoid contact with their blood, meat, and liquids in general.
  • Avoid dealing with bats and other primates and avoid contact with their blood, meat, and liquids in general.
  • Avoid health care centers that treat people with Ebola.
  • Monitor any symptoms for 21 days after returning from travel or after moving from the area where the virus is spread, and review health centers as soon as any of the symptoms appear.

Treatment of Ebola

The disease is often diagnosed by tests that rule out cholera and malaria, and by performing some blood and tissue tests. The patient is then isolated directly to prevent infection and transmission to others. In fact, there is no cure for Ebola. Now, although research is in place to find the right treatment, so far nothing can be done except to control and treat the symptoms, by giving fluids and salts and oxygen, in addition to blood pressure medicines if necessary, and may be used for blood transfusions and treatment of other infections if they exist.

Complications of Ebola

The diagnosis and treatment of Ebola as soon as possible is the most important step in avoiding complications as well as high rates of compliance, but unfortunately the most countries where Ebola has been spread lacks good health care, and therefore the death rate is very high, even in people who They are still alive, the probability of developing complications that may result from this virus is very high, and most of these complications may take many months to recover from the infected, and these complications include:

 

 

 

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